Multi-Abstractive Neural Controller: An Efficient Hierarchical Control Architecture for Interactive Driving


As learning-based methods make their way from perception systems to planning/control stacks, robot control systems have started to enjoy the benefits that data-driven methods provide. Because control systems directly affect the motion of the robot, data-driven methods, especially black box approaches, need to be used with caution considering aspects such as stability and interpretability. In this paper, we describe a differentiable and hierarchical control architecture. The proposed representation, called multi-abstractive neural controller, uses the input image to control the transitions within a novel discrete behavior planner (referred to as the visual automaton generative network, or vAGN). The output of a vAGN controls the parameters of a set of dynamic movement primitives which provides the system controls. We train this neural controller with real-world driving data via behavior cloning and show improved explainability, sample efficiency, and similarity to human driving.

Robotics and Automation Letters

Toronto Intelligent Systems Lab Co-authors

Igor Gilitschenski
Igor Gilitschenski
Assistant Professor